Tuesday, July 24, 2007

STUDY ON THE PHILOSOPHY AND ARCHITECTURE OF ZEN BUDDHIS IN JAPAN On syncretism religion and monastery arrangement plan

Lecturer, Dept. of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Brawijaya University
e-mail: antariksa@brawijaya.ac.id

Zen Buddhism was introduced to China in the six century. After going a long process in China, finally Zen came to japan in the thirteenth century brought by Japanese monks. A unique spiritual genius one of the greatest epoch-making events in the history of mankind, which in the course of time has come to enrich the human mind over many centuries.
During the process of spreading of Zen Buddhism there were influnces experienced by two Chinese great religions, Tao and Confucian. This study will discuss the philosophy and architecture aspects of the Zen monastery arrangement plan.
Zen Buddhism is syncretism from Taoism and Confucianism. The layout plan of the Zen monastery temple principally was placed on a single axis and facing south. The typical layout plan was borrowed from the architecture of the Chinese monastery.

Keywords: Zen Buddhism, syncretism, monastery, arrangement plan.

Antariksa, 2002, Study on The Philosophy and Architecture of Zen Buddhism in Japan, On syncretism religion and monastery arrangement plan, Jurnal Dimensi Teknik Arsitektur, Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, Universitas Kristen Petra, Vol. 30, No. 1, Juli, hlm, 54-60. ISSN: 0126-219X.