Lecturer at Department of Architecture Faculty of Enggineering – Brawijaya University
The beginning in the medieval period the ideas “emptiness” and “nothingness” in Buddhist doctrin influences over the Japanese.
Space in Japanese architecture (kukan), as empty place. This word originally stood for a “hole in the ground”, and in on present meaning of a “hole in the universe”, or “sky”. The ancient Japanese divided space vertically into parts, sora (sky) and ame or ama (heaven). In the concept of emptiness both of this above it can be said is a part of space.
This paper will tries to explain and discusses about the meaning of space in Japanese Zen Buddhist architecture.
Keywords: Zen Buddhist, space, Japanese, emptiness.
Antariksa, 2001, Space in Japanese Zen Buddhist Architecture, Jurnal Dimensi Teknik Arsitektur, Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, Universitas Kristen Petra, Vol. 29, No. 1, Juli, hlm, 75-84. ISSN: 0126-219X.